exchanges, which were proposed nearly two years ago, could soon become a reality as the government
plans to allow the self-regulation model.
is likely to come out with basic rules for spot gold
exchanges by early November, according to sources close to the development. Discussions on the issue are already underway, and a standing committee consisting of all stakeholders and government
officials is deliberating on it, the sources said.
The regulation of these exchanges was an unresolved issue, as spot trading is a state subject. Besides, gold
has a currency aspect and is also an industrial input and investment instrument.
was not keen to regulate it, and banking regulator Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) were also keeping distance from regulating it, said sources. However, when a proposal of self-regulation for these exchanges along with the use of blockchain technology
was made to the government, it was comfortable with the idea, it is learnt.
The idea of a self-regulated exchange and the use of blockchain technology
was first mooted by Sudheesh Nambiath, lead analyst at GFMS TR, at an Indian Merchant Chambers conference held in Mumbai.
is the backbone of the success of cryptocurrency Bitcoin. While Bitcoin is an unregulated currency, the regulation on the gold
exchange will ensure that trading details may be provided from blockchain entries when asked by the government
agencies, said sources.
In case of gold
exchange, every transfer of gold
beginning from import to each trade would be registered on blockchain, including subsequent transfers and sale. Each trade would create a new entry on the blockchain register, which is a public register, but the exchange’s regulations can decide access to the register.
can work when all gold
is sold only on the spot exchange platform, something similar to the Chinese gold
exchange model. Since under blockchain gold
entries can be created for smaller quantities, even an individual will be able to buy gold
on the exchange platform. However all that will happen in subsequent phases, according to sources. In the initial phase, banks and agencies importing gold
and refineries in India selling primary gold
would sell gold
on the exchange and traders would buy from there. The exchange would be an electronic trading platform with both the exchange and the vaults, being part of blockchain.
Subsequently, even when larger bars are converted to smaller bars, they will be mandatory refined in BIS accredited refiners and these bars would be numbered and entered on the same blockchain-based platform. In the long run, every retailer would have to buy from the same platform and each sale and purchase at spot would be registered on blockchain.
The blockchain registry doesn't allow anyone to tamper the records and each buyer and seller is kept anonymous with a unique ID.
Other issues being finalised include India good delivery norms along the lines of standards set by the London Bullion Market Association, modified suitably for Indian conditions as well as a code of conduct to ensure responsible trading on the exchange, a source said on condition of anonymity.
Besides the spot exchange, a committee set up by NITI Aayog
under the chairmanship of former finance secretary Ratan Watal will hold its first meeting early next week to discuss a comprehensive gold
policy, which will include good delivery standards, responsible gold, revamping gold
monetisation scheme etc besides the gold
As of now, only BSE
and Indian Bullion and Jewellers Association have jointly proposed to set up a spot exchange for gold