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What are Centrally sponsored schemes

Centrally sponsored schemes

About Centrally sponsored schemes

What are Centrally sponsored schemes

Central welfare schemes, implemented by the government to provide financial and other aids to individuals who cannot support themselves, can be categorised into two sections — centrally sponsored schemes and central sector schemes.
 
Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) are those schemes which are implemented by the state government but sponsored by the central government with a defined shareholding. At present, there are 30 centrally-sponsored schemes but these are umbrella programmes and they have many sub-schemes under them. The funding is borne by the states in the ratio of 50:50 or 90:10 or 75:25 or 70:30.
 
These schemes are aimed at supplementing efforts undertaken by the state government because the central government has more resources at its disposal. These schemes can either be national or regional in character. In CSS, the funding by the central government works as an initiation, with further spending coming from states towards the cause.
 
What is the difference between central sector schemes and centrally sponsored schemes?
 
Central sector schemes are implemented by the central government and the budget or financing needed for the scheme is entirely sourced by the central government. By comparison, the implementation of a centrally sponsored scheme is done by state governments. For example, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Generation Scheme is a centrally sponsored scheme, while the National Rural Health Mission is a central sector scheme.
 
Centrally sponsored schemes can be further divided into two sections — core of core schemes and core schemes. Green Revolution, White Revolution, Blue Revolution, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, Pradhan Manti Awas Yojana, Swachh Bharat Mission, Mid-day meals in schools and National Livelihood Mission are some core schemes. Core of the core schemes, on the other hand, include the umbrella scheme for development of scheduled castes, umbrella scheme for development of minorities, and the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Generation Scheme. Core of core schemes are implemented for social inclusion and social protection, and they are fully funded by the central government.

Latest Updates on Centrally sponsored schemes

Budget 2024: Where does the Centre receive money from, where does it go?

2 min read Last Updated :Feb 01 2024 | 3:33 PM IST
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Govt to computerise state cooperative registrars, 1,851 ARDBs under CSS

2 min read Last Updated :Oct 08 2023 | 6:05 PM IST
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Finance Ministry red-flags CSS fund mis-utilisation by Chhattisgarh govt

3 min read Last Updated :Dec 20 2022 | 12:00 AM IST
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Expenditure under Centrally Sponsored Schemes up by 72.1% till FY22

3 min read Last Updated :Oct 07 2022 | 1:46 PM IST
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Declare ERCP National project, hike aids for CSS: Gehlot tells PM

3 min read Last Updated :Aug 08 2022 | 11:08 AM IST
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PM KISAN Yojana: List of documents required to receive the 12th installment

2 min read Last Updated :Jul 22 2022 | 4:58 PM IST
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PM Kisan Yojana: How to know your registration number to avail of benefits

2 min read Last Updated :Jul 21 2022 | 5:16 PM IST
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Govt saved Rs 10,000 crore in interest costs in FY22, says Somanathan

3 min read Last Updated :Jun 08 2022 | 1:24 AM IST
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Centre asks officers not to furnish incorrect info about state borrowings

2 min read Last Updated :May 05 2022 | 8:57 PM IST
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From 130 to 70, centrally sponsored schemes down by almost 50%

3 min read Last Updated :Feb 04 2022 | 6:07 AM IST
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Govt must not micromanage

6 min read Last Updated :Jul 28 2021 | 10:27 PM IST
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All ministries, departments to review central schemes by July end

5 min read Last Updated :Jul 27 2021 | 6:09 AM IST
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Centre tightens rules of grant allocation for transparency, efficiency

2 min read Last Updated :Mar 31 2021 | 8:45 AM IST
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Budget Byte: How GST collections and share of central scheme alter spending

1 min read Last Updated :Jan 18 2021 | 10:02 PM IST
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Naveen Patnaik critiques Budget 2020, frets over shrinking central tax pool

2 min read Last Updated :Feb 01 2020 | 8:12 PM IST
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Why finance panel may ask the govt to overhaul, reduce central schemes

3 min read Last Updated :Nov 27 2019 | 10:04 AM IST
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Centre needs to rationalise centrally sponsored schemes

Last Updated :Oct 12 2017 | 1:46 AM IST
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