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What is Section 144

Section 144

About Section 144

What is Section 144

Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) of 1973 authorises the Executive Magistrate of any state or territory to issue an order to prohibit the assembly of four or more people in an area. According to the law, every member of such 'unlawful assembly' can be booked for engaging in rioting. 
Section 144 is imposed in urgent cases of nuisance or apprehended danger of some event that has the potential to cause trouble or damage to human life or property. Section 144 of CrPC generally prohibits public gathering. 
Section 144 has been used in the past to impose restrictions as a means to prevent protests that can lead to unrest or riots. The orders to impose Section 144 have been conferred to Executive Magistrate when there is an emergency situation.
Section 144 also restricts carrying any sort of weapon in that area where it has been imposed and people can be detained for violating it. The maximum punishment for such an act is three years. 
According to the order under this section, there shall be no movement of public and all educational institutions shall also remain closed and there will be a complete bar on holding any kind of public meetings or rallies during the period of operation of this order.
Moreover, obstructing law enforcement agencies from dispersing an unlawful assembly is a punishable offence. Section 144 also empowers the authorities to block the internet access.
144 CrPC bars the conduct of certain activities or actions or events which are allowed to be done in regular course. It is imposed to ensure maintenance of peace and tranquillity in an area. 
Duration of Section 144 order
No order under Section 144 shall remain in force for more than two months but the state government can extent the validity for two months and maximum up to six months. It can be withdrawn at any point of time if situation becomes normal.
Why is Section 144 in news?

On September 17, 2020, restrictions under Section 144 were imposed in Mumbai by order of the Commissioner of Police, Greater Mumbai. These restrictions were imposed in view of an unrelenting surge in coronavirus cases in the city. Mumbai has been one of the most affected Indian cities in the Covid-19 pandemic, which has had the entire world in its grips since early 2020.

On March 23, the Delhi government imposed Section 144 in Delhi to stop the spread of coronavirus, which had claimed over 14,500 lives worldwide and had infected over 3,40,000 people. As the virus spread its wings in India, several states for Delhi government and imposed Section 144 to restrain local transmission of covid-19.

On February 12, Section 144 was imposed in North Goa district following intelligence inputs about possible terror threat along the western coast. North Goa District Magistrate, in a notification said it would be imposed for 60 days, from February 11 to April 10.

On February 8, internet snapped across Jammu and Kashmir and Section 144 was imposed in view of the death anniversary of Maqbool Bhat and Afzal Guru.

Difference between Section 144 and curfew
Section 144 prohibits gathering of four or more people in the concerned area, while during the curfew people are instructed to stay indoors for a particular period of time. The government puts a complete restriction on traffic as well. Markets, schools, colleges and offices remain closed under the curfew and only essential services are allowed to run on prior notice.

Latest Updates on Section 144

New Year 2024: Section 144 imposed in these metro cities for safety

Many restrictions including section 144 have been put in a few metro cities for safe New Year 2024 celebrations. Tight security plans have been made especially for parties on New Year's eve in India

Updated On : 29 Dec 2023 | 11:52 AM IST

Latest LIVE: Retail inflation rises to 4.81% in June from 4.31% in May

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Updated On : 12 Jul 2023 | 9:05 PM IST

Section 144 imposed in New Delhi district ahead of Congress protest

Delhi Police have imposed Section 144 of the CrPC in the New Delhi district except Jantar Mantar, ahead of the Congress party's call for nationwide protests against inflation and unemployment.

Updated On : 05 Aug 2022 | 9:14 AM IST

Section 144 extended till August 6 in Mangaluru, liquor ban for 2 more days

The Karnataka government on Sunday extended Section 144 and other restrictions for two more days in Mangaluru.

Updated On : 01 Aug 2022 | 7:29 AM IST

Covid-19: Mumbai Police impose Section 144, New Year celebrations banned

In view of the rising COVID-19 cases, the Mumbai Police on Thursday has imposed Section 144 in the city starting from today till January 7.

Updated On : 30 Dec 2021 | 9:12 AM IST

SDPI, BJP functionaries murdered in Kerala's Alappuzha, Section 144 imposed

According to the police, SDPI state secretary KS Shaan was on a two-wheeler when a gang in a car attacked him on Saturday night. SDPI has alleged that RSS workers are behind this attack

Updated On : 19 Dec 2021 | 12:23 PM IST

Nearly 68% Delhi residents want curfew to continue amid Covid surge: Survey

As hundreds die every day due to Covid in the capital, citizens' opinion titled towards stricter curbs

Updated On : 24 Apr 2021 | 12:28 PM IST

Karnataka opposition averse to lockdown, favours Section 144: Details here

Bengaluru legislators and MPs on Monday unanimously favoured imposing prohibition of unlawful assembly of people instead of enforcing measures like lockdown, partial lockdown or night curfew

Updated On : 20 Apr 2021 | 6:51 AM IST

Covid-19: Streets in Mumbai wear deserted look amid Section 144 imposition

Streets wore a deserted look in Mumbai following the imposition of Section 144 in the entire state by the Maharashtra government in an attempt to curb the spread of the coronavirus.

Updated On : 19 Apr 2021 | 8:57 AM IST

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Updated On : 31 Dec 2020 | 1:35 PM IST

Section 144 imposed around India Gate, no gathering allowed: Delhi police

Delhi police on Thursday said that no gathering is allowed around India Gate due to imposition of Section 144 CrPC

Updated On : 02 Oct 2020 | 7:13 AM IST

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Updated On : 03 Oct 2020 | 1:19 AM IST

Police detain Rahul Gandhi, Priyanka on way to meet Hathras victim's family

Rahul Gandhi also fell down in the scuffle after police tried to stop him and his supporters from proceeding on the Yamuna Expressway near the Jewar toll plaza

Updated On : 02 Oct 2020 | 12:27 AM IST

Hathras gang-rape: Section 144 imposed, borders sealed, media not allowed

The district administration in Hathras has imposed Section 144 in the area and has banned the entry of all 'outsiders' including media persons, in the Boolgarhi village

Updated On : 01 Oct 2020 | 12:27 PM IST

Rajasthan imposes Section 144 in 11 districts after surge in Covid-19 cases

The Rajasthan government decided to impose Section 144 in eleven districts of the state from Monday in view of rising Covid-19 cases

Updated On : 21 Sep 2020 | 7:28 AM IST

Mumbai police restrictions not new, don't panic: Aaditya Thackeray

Maharashtra minister clarifies on Twitter after police reportedly said public won't be allowed to gather from Thursday midnight.

Updated On : 17 Sep 2020 | 9:21 PM IST

Tighter security, Section 144 in Ambala ahead of Rafale jets' arrival

The Ambala district administration also prohibited people from flying private drones within the three-km radius of the air base

Updated On : 28 Jul 2020 | 9:29 PM IST

LIVE: US adds 4.8 million jobs in June as unemployment falls to 11.1%

Goa Tourism Minister Manohar Ajgaonkar said the coastal state would be opened for tourists starting July 2. Stay tuned with Business Standard for the latest news of today

Updated On : 02 Jul 2020 | 10:15 PM IST

Coronavirus LIVE: 6,330 new cases in Maharashtra; recoveries top 100,000

Coronavirus latest news: Global coronavirus cases stand at 10,810,307, while more than 5.9 million have recovered, and 518,921 have died. Stay tuned for coronavirus LIVE updates

Updated On : 03 Jul 2020 | 8:32 AM IST

Coronavirus LIVE updates: India's case count exceeds 600,000-mark

Coronavirus latest news: Global tally of coronavirus cases is now 10,631,655, while more than 5.79 million have recovered, and 515,006 have died. Stay tuned for coronavirus LIVE updates

Updated On : 02 Jul 2020 | 8:36 AM IST