Who are Taliban?


Who are Taliban?
Who are Taliban?
A fundamentalist Islamic force, the Taliban, entered Afghanistan capital Kabul on August 15, 2021 after swiftly seizing much of the country in the past 10 days following the withdrawal of US troops. Here is a quick rundown of Taliban history, its ideology, and other facts.

Who are Taliban?

The Taliban was founded in Kandahar province of southern Afghanistan by Mullah Mohammad Omar, a mujahideen commander in 1994. It drew members from mujahideen fighters that helped push the Soviets out of the country in 1989.
The group’s name, which means “students” in the Pashto language, is a reference to the founding members having studied under Mullah Omar.
With about 50 followers in 1994, the faction fought for control of Afghanistan during the post-Soviet-era civil war.
In a span of two years, the Taliban captured Kandahar and took control of Kabul in 1996 and swiftly imposed strict Islamic rules. It ruled Afghanistan from 1996 until being toppled by US forces in 2001 following September 11 terrorist attacks in the United States, which killed nearly 3,000 people.
Taliban sheltered Osama bin Laden, the mastermind behind September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in America, and refused to hand over Laden to US after which, American military forces invaded Kabul through air strikes and toppled Mullah Omar’s government.
The group’s founder and other Taliban leaders retreated to remote places while they planned campaigns to regain power in Afghanistan.

What is Taliban Ideology?

When the Taliban was in power from 1996-2001, it imposed a strict version of 'sharia' law in Afghanistan.
The group introduced or supported punishments such as public executions of convicted murderers and adulterers, and amputations for those found guilty of theft. Men were required to grow beards and women had to wear the all-covering burqa.
The Taliban also banned television, music, and cinema, and disapproved of girls aged 10 and over going to school. Taliban brutal and repressive rule stripped women of virtually all rights.

International recognition of Taliban

Only a few countries, including Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates recognised the legitimacy of the Taliban government during its rule from 1996-2001.
The quest for diplomatic and political recognition has been a constant in the Taliban’s struggle from the beginning through the Doha agreement of February 29, 2020, and beyond. It was made clear to the Taliban negotiators during Doha peace talks that the desired recognition could only come if they disassociated themselves completely from al-Qaeda.
While the United States and the United Nations imposed sanctions on the Taliban, and the majority of countries have shown little signs that it will recognise the group diplomatically.
Meanwhile, China and Russia are already moving to build ties with the Taliban and have hosted Taliban officials even before the US military completed its troop withdrawal. 

Resurgence of Taliban

On February 29, 2020, The US and the Taliban signed an "agreement for bringing peace" to Afghanistan after more than 18 years of conflict, under the Trump administration.
Under the agreement, the US and Nato allies agreed to withdraw all troops within 14 months if the Taliban upheld the deal. Taliban also agreed not to allow al-Qaeda or any other extremist group to operate in the areas they control.
Honouring the deal, the US and other international forces started withdrawing, in June by which time the Taliban already controlled large parts of the country. But after August 6, the advancement took another turn and the group swept across Afghanistan, taking control of all major cities.
President Ashraf Ghani fled the country and the Afghan forces were bundled in lightning speed, shocking much of the international community. As President Ghani fled the country, US embassy staff were rescued by helicopters out of their heavily fortified compound. 
The US drew flak for its decision to withdraw forces from the war-ravaged country, leaving the citizens in a catastrophic situation but US President Joe Biden said he stands squarely behind the decision.

Latest Updates on Taliban

Afghanistan embassy announces closure in New Delhi, issues statement

4 min read Last Updated :Nov 24 2023 | 8:51 AM IST
Online violence against Afghan women surged this year due to curbs: Report

3 min read Last Updated :Nov 21 2023 | 7:38 AM IST
Over 4 ,00,000 Afghans return home from Pak following crackdown on migrants

2 min read Last Updated :Nov 20 2023 | 5:47 PM IST
Taliban min attends meet in Pak despite tensions over expulsions of Afghans

2 min read Last Updated :Nov 15 2023 | 6:16 PM IST
Nearly 400,000 refugees returned to Afghanistan from Pak in past two months

3 min read Last Updated :Nov 14 2023 | 1:08 PM IST
Over 3,000 migrants return to Afghanistan from Turkey in last 20 days

2 min read Last Updated :Nov 13 2023 | 1:13 PM IST
Satisfaction level of Afghan women for freedom lowest in world: Survey

2 min read Last Updated :Nov 12 2023 | 6:59 AM IST
Taliban criticises Pak's decision to deport Afghan immigrants from country

2 min read Last Updated :Nov 12 2023 | 6:41 AM IST
Pak decides not to back Taliban after it fails to rein in TTP group: Report

3 min read Last Updated :Nov 09 2023 | 1:31 PM IST
Terror cases in Pak up 60% since Taliban took over Afghanistan: PM Kakar

3 min read Last Updated :Nov 08 2023 | 4:46 PM IST
Afghan farmers lose income of more than $1 bn after Taliban banned poppy

2 min read Last Updated :Nov 05 2023 | 12:09 PM IST
Afghan PM appeals Pakistan to not 'expel Afghans in an undignified manner'

2 min read Last Updated :Nov 04 2023 | 11:54 AM IST
Pakistan's Mianwali Training Air Base attacked; 3 gunmen killed in response

2 min read Last Updated :Nov 04 2023 | 10:30 AM IST
Taliban asks nations hosting Afghan refugees not to forcefully deport them

3 min read Last Updated :Nov 01 2023 | 10:47 PM IST
UN, int'l community urged to condemn, halt Pakistan deportation of Afghans

3 min read Last Updated :Nov 01 2023 | 9:21 AM IST
Pakistan shuts Afghan schools as deadline for deportation approaches

3 min read Last Updated :Oct 31 2023 | 12:06 PM IST
Over 8,000 Afghan refugees forced to return from Pak as deadline nears

2 min read Last Updated :Oct 29 2023 | 2:29 PM IST
More than 5,000 Afghan migrants have returned from Pakistan, Iran: Taliban

3 min read Last Updated :Oct 27 2023 | 9:30 AM IST
Taliban benefiting from international aid via fraudulent NGOs: US watchdog

2 min read Last Updated :Oct 23 2023 | 10:30 PM IST
Explosion rocks Takhar province in Afghanistan, investigation underway

2 min read Last Updated :Oct 16 2023 | 7:23 AM IST