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From first shot to the tranquility of peace: Timeline of World War I

Here's the timeline of World War I

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World War I  |  Adolf Hitler

AP | PTI  |  Paris 



World War I
Photo: AFP twitter

Unleashed by an archduke's assassination, gradually entangled more and more countries, killing millions of soldiers and civilians and touching multiple continents.

As the world marks 100 years since the fighting stopped, here is a look at some key moments in WWI:

1914

June 28: Serb teenager Gavrilo Princip kills Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand

July 28: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia

Aug. 1: Germany declares war on Russia

Aug. 3: Germany declares war on France

Aug. 4: Germany invades Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany

Aug. 23: Japan declares war on Germany

September: Battle of the Marne stops the German advance in France

Oct. 29: Ottoman Empire enters the war

November: Beginning of trench warfare

Dec. 25: Unofficial Christmas Truce

1915

February: German U-boat campaign marks first large use of submarines in warfare April: Allied troops land in Gallipoli , Turkey, a defining moment for Australian, New Zealand

April 22: First use of a chemical weapon, chlorine gas, near Ypres, Belgium

May 7: British ship Lusitania sunk by German U-boat

May 23: Italy enters war, against Austria-Hungary

October: Bulgaria joins war, on side of Central Powers

1916

Feb. 21: Battle of Verdun begins

March 9: Germany declares war on Portugal

July 1: Battle of the Somme begins, with first mass use of tanks

Aug. 27: Romania enters war, is invaded by Germany

Sept. 4: British take Dar es Salaam in German East Africa

October: Soldier wounded

Dec. 23: Allied forces defeat Turkish in Sinai Peninsula

1917

March: Baghdad falls to Anglo-Indian forces

April 6: The United States declares war on Germany

April: Battle for Vimy Ridge, a defining moment for Canada

July: Last Russian offensive ends in failure, as revolution nears; inconclusive Battle of Passchendaele in Belgium

Oct. 15: Spy Mata Hari executed by French firing squad

Oct. 26: Brazil declares war, joining Allied Powers

December: Battle of Jerusalem

1918

March 3: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ends Russia's involvement in the war on the Eastern Front.

April 21: Legendary German fighter pilot known as the Red Baron shot down and killed near Amiens, France June: Battle of Belleau Wood, defining moment for US military

July 21: German submarine fires on Cape Cod, only attack on mainland US.

Sept. 26: Battle of the Meuse-Argonne begins

Oct. 30: Ottoman Empire signs armistice with Allies

Oct. 31: Dissolution of Austro-Hungarian Empire

Nov. 9: Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates


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First Published: Sun, November 11 2018. 17:05 IST

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