According to The Independent, the test is a pilot project conducted by the Professional Cricketers' Association (PCA) with the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB), ahead of establishing a permanent procedure before next season.
The report further said that samples of players' hair would be taken to check the extent of recreational drug use in the game.
PCA chief executive Angus Porter admitted that he would be surprised if they got a complete clean sheet given the experience of other sports and the statistics of the age group of the to-be-tested players, adding that he expected atleast one positive test in every dressing room.
Although a positive test in the pilot will not count as a 'strike' against the player, ECB's chief medical officer Dr Nick Peirce will contact any player getting a positive result and will decide whether counseling or treatment are needed.
The tests are being conducted in strict confidence, although the general results will be released, the report added.