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High-fibre diet can help treat Type 2 diabetes

IANS  |  New York 

Eating more of dietary fibres that promote a type of gut bacteria may help in the fight against Type 2 diabetes, researchers suggest.

Research findings showed that a diversified high fibre diet can promote 15 strains of gut bacteria that produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), which provide to gut cells, reduce and help regulate hunger.

"Our study lays the foundation and opens the possibility that fibres targeting this group of gut bacteria could eventually become a major part of your diet and your treatment," Liping Zhao, at the Rutgers University-

Consuming right dietary fibres may rebalance the gut microbiota, or the ecosystem of bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract that and are important for overall human

Promotion of a select group of gut bacteria by a diet high in diverse fibres led to better blood glucose control, greater weight loss and better lipid levels in people with Type 2 diabetes, the researchers said.

For the study, published in the journal Science, the team selected group of SCFA-producing microbes responsible for the positive impact of high-fibre diets on patients with Type 2 diabetes, randomised into two groups.

After 12 weeks, patients on the high-fibre diet had greater reduction in a three-month average of blood glucose levels.

Their fasting blood glucose levels also dropped faster and they lost more weight.

Zhao then sequenced microbial genes in the patients' fecal samples, finding that the abundance of certain microbial species over others -- as opposed to overall microbial diversity -- seemed more closely correlated with health-related changes in the gut microbiota.

The scientists identified 15 SCFA-producing strains that were specifically promoted by dietary fibres.

These bacteria acted as a guild to augment SCFA production, consequently supporting gut by out-competing microbes that release compounds hindering effective metabolism.



(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Fri, March 09 2018. 16:02 IST