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Factbox: Plans for electric vehicle battery production in Europe


(Reuters) - has earmarked 1 billion euros ($1.2 billion) to support a consortium looking to produce battery cells and plans to fund a research facility to develop next-generation solid-state batteries, three sources told

The measures, expected to be announced by next week, are designed to reduce the dependence of German carmakers on Asian battery suppliers and protect German jobs at risk from the shift away from combustion engines.

Below are details of plans to establish electric vehicle (EV) battery plants in Europe:


The Swedish company, headed by a former executive, aims to build Europe's biggest factory, producing 32 gigawatt hours (GWh) of battery cells a year by 2023, rivalling Tesla's U.S. "gigafactory".

It has partnered with German carmaker ahead of plans to raise 1.5 billion euros in debt and equity to build an initial 8 GWh of capacity and has asked for a 400 million euro loan from

German giant is helping to build the factory. Northvolt will become its preferred supplier for lithium-ion batteries when production starts in 2020.

Northvolt is also planning a factory in to produce for storage companies and the industry. The plant in Gdansk would take cells from the Swedish factory and use them to develop or modules.

A Northvolt said the company was not involved in talks to forge a German-led consortium, but he said Northvolt would welcome more alliances in


U.S. favours as the location for its first European gigafactory, its said in July.

already has operations in Pruem, Germany, with its Grohmann Automation division that specialises in automated for battery making plants.

Tesla has said it plans to build three more gigafactories to accompany its first in Nevada, States. That plant is jointly owned by Panasonic, which is the exclusive for Tesla's mass-market Model 3 sedan.


China's (CATL) said in July it would build its first in in and the plant would with lithium-ion batteries.

plans to source 4 billion euros of battery cells from CATL over the next few years, with 1.5 billion euros coming from the new site in Erfurt in

The will create about 600 jobs and reach a production capacity of 14 gigawatt hours (GWh) by 2022. CATL had shipments of 12 GWh in 2017.


Chinese electric vehicle maker is one of the world's biggest with the lowest production costs, according to Bernstein Research.

is considering cell production in Europe, an told earlier this year, adding it was not clear where it might be located. The company has two production sites for electric buses in Europe, in and


South Korea's plans to produce 100,000 EV batteries per year at its new near the western city of Wroclaw, 190 km (120 miles) from the German border.

The plant supplies batteries to German carmakers Audi, and It has also secured a contract to supply batteries for Germany's starting in late 2019.

The factory's planned output of 100,000 battery cells is equivalent to roughly 4 GWh per year which means the plant's capacity is just a fraction of expected future demand in

Chinese investment firm last year bought Nissan Motor Co's electric vehicle battery business - Automotive Supply Corp - including battery plants in Japan, the U.S. state of Tennessee and England.

The produces 2 GWh of lithium ion batteries per year for Nissan electric vehicles.


Japanese battery maker said in January it would set up a factory in that would assemble lithium ion batteries and would consider producing cells on the site in the future.


South Korea's started production at a new factory near this year that is expected to produce batteries for 50,000 electric vehicles a year.

Samsung SDI, an affiliate of Samsung Electronics Co Ltd, also produces for such as and storage systems.

Samsung SDI, which already has a plant in assembling battery packs, has supplied batteries to and BMW.


South Korea's plans to break ground this year on a battery plant in and launch production from 2020, producing 7.5 GWh of batteries per year.

started as and owns South Korea's largest It also has divisions for chemicals, lubricants, batteries and electronic materials.

France's Saft, owned by energy company Total produces a range of batteries, including for back-up power and applications, but not for electric vehicles.

In February, it created an alliance with German group Siemens, and to develop a new generation of batteries.

The group will focus on advanced high-density lithium-ion and solid-state technology, targeting the market for electric vehicles, railway, marine sectors, among others.

A said the company was not participating in Germany's summit on Nov. 12-13 and that was not aware of another multinational battery cell alliance.

The German-based consortium of 17 companies and research institutions announced plans last year to build two foundries, where cells are produced to customers' specifications. It said its two planned factories would have a capacity of 34 GWh by 2028, which would top Northvolt's plans.

But the consortium has run into liquidity problems as companies shied away from investing, industry sources told So the future of remains unclear.

A of did not respond when asked by Reuters to give an update of its battery cell plans.


Volkswagen's supervisory board is due to discuss its and battery cell strategy at a meeting on Nov. 16. The German carmaker has said in the past that it was studying battery cell production at its plant in

A source told Reuters on Thursday that the board would discuss a far-reaching alliance with South Korean


BMW is establishing a with Northvolt and Belgium's to develop a for battery cells in Europe, including development, production and, ultimately, recycling.

The company has also said it will purchase specific raw materials such as cobalt, and then make them available to battery as a way to secure a supply of batteries.


said it would add to its plants in Sindelfingen and in the southern state of

The company is already assembling batteries in its in the eastern state of Saxony, but the factory relies on imported battery cells.


German auto parts and formed a joint venture in March with Chinese auto parts supplier CITC to produce so-called mild hybrid batteries in

Continental also said it was considering making EV batteries using solid-state technology, but for was holding out for now until more advances have been made in the field.

(Reporting by in Berlin, Ed Taylor in Frankfurt, Jan C. Schwartz in Hamburg, Esha Vaish in Stockholm, Bate Felix in Paris; editing by David Clarke)

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Fri, November 09 2018. 12:42 IST