The prime minister also paid tribute to former president Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan on his birth anniversary today. The day is celebrated in his honour.
"On Teachers' day, I salute the teaching community that is devoted to nurturing minds and spreading the joys of education in society.
"Teachers have a central role in realising our dream of a 'New India' that is driven by cutting edge research and innovation," Modi said.
He added that the next five years should be about teach to transform, educate to empower and learn to lead.
"My tributes to Dr S Radhakrishnan, an outstanding teacher and statesman on his birth anniversary," Modi, who is in China for the BRICS summit from where he will be going to Myanmar, said his message.