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  • Sensex
    Sensex is the benchmark index of the BSE in India. It was launched on January 1, 1986 as a basket of 30 stocks representing the country's largest, financially-sound companies listed on the BSE.
     
    The term ‘Sensex’ is a blend of words ‘Sensitive’ and ‘Index’ and was coined by stock market expert Deepak Mohini. The Sensex reflects the movements in the Indian stock market. It is considered the benchmark index of the Indian stock market. It is the oldest index in India and provides time series data from 1979, BSE, which was previously known as Bombay Stock Exchange, says on its website.
     
    The bellwether index reflects the sentiment of the market and serves as a benchmark for fund managers to compare the performance of their funds. For investors, Sensex acts as a proxy for the Indian stock markets.
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  • Satellite Internet
    Satellite Internet, which works similarly to satellite TV, is a wireless connection spread across satellite dishes located both in space and on the Earth. It provides remote areas of the planet with easy access to communication networks to keep people connected and give access to up-to-date information and communication systems.
     
    Not all places on the Earth are able to establish various types of land-based internet connections like broadband, fiber optics, cable internet, etc. In fact, satellite Internet remains the only option if you live in a rural part of the country where internet infrastructure is underdeveloped.
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  • Indian Space Association
    Indian Space Association (ISpA), established in December 2020, is the premier industry association of space and satellite companies. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the ISpA on October 11, 2021.
     
    The industry association will act as an independent and “single-window” agency for enabling the opening up of the space sector to start-ups and the private sector, according to the government agenda.
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  • Akasa Air
    Akasa Air is an upcoming ultra-low-cost Indian airline co-founded by billionaire and stocks trader Rakesh Jhunjhunwala and former Jet Airways CEO Vinay
    Dube.
     
    Developments
     
    In October 2021, Akasa Air received a 'no objection certificate' (NOC) from the Ministry of Civil Aviation. The NOC will be held by SNV Aviation, the holding company for the proposed airline.
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  • Stock Market

    Basic explanation of stock market:

    It is a place where regular activities of buying, selling, and issuance of shares of publicly-held companies take place. In the stock market, one can also trade in financial instruments such as derivatives, bonds, mutual funds, along with shares of a listed company.
     
    A stock exchange is the meeting place for buyers and sellers for trade. In India, the prime stock exchanges are the National Stock Exchange and the Bombay Stock Exchange.
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  • Nasdaq
    The Nasdaq is the second-largest stock exchange in the world. Nasdaq, which is an acronym for National Association of Securities Dealers Automatic Quotation System, was established in 1971.
     
    The US-based exchange is also the first-ever electronic stock market in the world. Back in the day, stock exchanges were physical trading floors, where prices were decided in face-to-face negotiations. Nasdaq changed the way stock exchanges functioned. It had no trading floors and let investors buy and sell stocks on a computerised systems.
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  • Drugs and Cosmetics Act
    The Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 regulates the import, manufacture and sale or distribution of drugs and cosmetics through licences and permits. 
     
    The Department of Health under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare approved the Act after the Governor-General gave the assent on April 10, 1940, and the Act came into the effect on April 1, 1947.
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  • Vector Borne Diseases
    What is a vector?
     
    A vector is an organism or insect that transmits an infectious pathogen from an infected animal or human host to an uninfected living being. Arthropod vectors are ectotherms that are sensitive to climatic factors.
     
    Survival, development, habitat suitability, and reproduction rates of vectors are influenced by the weather conditions.
     
    What are vector-borne diseases?
     
    Human illnesses caused by parasites, viruses and bacteria that are transmitted by mosquitoes, sandflies, triatomine bugs, blackflies, ticks, tsetse flies, mites, snails and lice.
     
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  • Pandora Papers
    The massive trove of private financial records refers to 'Pandora Papers' that reveal how the world's wealthiest people and corporations hide huge amounts of funds overseas.
     
    A global investigation into the shadowy offshore financial system that allows multinational corporations, the rich, famous and powerful to avoid taxes and otherwise shield their wealth.
     
    The probe is based on more than 11.9 million confidential files containing 2.94 terabytes worth of private information from 14 offshore services companies leaked to the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ).
     
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  • Limca Book of Records
    Launched in India in 1990, Limca Book of Records (LBR), an Indian equivalent of Guinness Book of World Records, focuses on the unique achievements of Indians across the country and abroad.
     
    The record book celebrates the accomplishments of Indians in diverse fields of human endeavour across the globe and is a source of inspiration, especially for the country’s youth.
     
    It is published under the patronage of Coca-Cola India, which manufactures the soft drink known as 'Limca'.
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