Pell, 77, was once the third-most powerful figure at the Vatican and now is the highest-ranking Catholic official to be convicted of paedophilia. He was found guilty by a court in Australia of five charges of sexual abuse of minors including penetration.
The offences were committed soon after he was installed as the Archbishop of Melbourne and around the same time he established the Melbourne Response in 1996, which offered counselling and economic support service to victims of abuse.
He faces a maximum of 10 years in prison for each charge and has lodged an appeal against his conviction. It is one of a number of child sexual abuse and cover-up scandals the Catholic Church and Francis is currently facing.
The Pope called an unprecedented four-day summit in the Vatican in February on the crisis.
French Cardinal Philippe Barbarin, 68, the Archbishop of Lyon, was given a six month suspended prison sentence last week for covering up sexual abuse committed by a paedophile priest under his supervision.
Argentine bishop Gustavo Zanchetta, 54, is under investigation over allegations of sexual misconduct with trainee priests.
The coming year will also see a new constitution reforming the Curia, the Church's administrative unit, and Vatican Government system.
The Pope will continue his pontificate with a number of international visits, including upcoming trips to Morocco, Bulgaria and Macedonia. He is also scheduled to travel to Madagascar, Mozambique and Japan.
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