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Anatoly Lukyanov, last chairman of USSR's Supreme Soviet, dies at 88

AFP  |  Moscow 

Anatoly Lukyanov, the last of the USSR's Supreme Soviet and of Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms, has died at the age of 88, Russian agencies reported Wednesday.

He became of the Supreme Soviet, the USSR's top legislative body, in 1990, succeeding Gorbachev who had been elected the first and only president of the

He publicly criticised Gorbachev's policies and was jailed after the 1991 "putsch" by Communist hardliners and security chiefs who attempted to seize power.

The coup leaders in August 1991 placed Gorbachev under de facto house arrest and sent tanks into the centre of in an attempt to roll back reforms that threatened to end the Communist Party's iron grip.

But crowds flocked to support Boris Yeltsin, then of the Russian republic of the USSR, as he faced down the tanks, leading to the failure of the coup and soon afterwards the end of over 70 years of Communist domination.

Although not officially one of the putsch leaders, was arrested and held in jail until December 1992 for backing the coup. Eventually all the coup leaders were amnestied in 1994.

He told site in an interview in 2015 that he was jailed for refusing to disavow his belief in the Soviet system.

The putsch was "a desperate but badly organised attempt by a group of the country's leaders to save the USSR," he said.

From 1993 to 2003 served as a lawmaker in the State Duma, the lower house of parliament.

was born on May 7, 1930, in the western Russian city of He worked at a munitions factory during World War II and only completed his school education after the end of the war, agency reported.

He went on to study law and swiftly climbed the ranks of the Soviet ruling institutions.

The of the of told TASS state news agency Lukyanov "lived the life of a true patriot".

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Thu, January 10 2019. 02:50 IST