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'Protectionist' Trump tariffs 'offend' Germany

AFP  |  Frankfurt Am Main 

US is "offending" allies and risking a global trade war with his controversial tariffs on and aluminium, Germany's said today.

"This is protectionism which offends close partners like the EU and and which limits free trade," said in a statement.

"We will stand firmly by the side of our companies and their workers and will now work closely with the to answer coolly and clearly" Trump's imposition of 10 percent tariffs on aluminium imports and 25 percent on steel, she added.

Today's announcement from the that it would slap levies on imports of the key metals was met with anger from major trading partners like China, and the EU.

While the immediate financial impact of the border duties is small, observers fear they could spark an eye-for-an-eye spiral of countermeasures, as other capitals feel forced to act to protect their own industries.

has warned it could tax imports of politically sensitive American products like orange juice or motorcycles in response to Trump's tariffs.

But Trump said he would simply up levies on from the EU in retaliation -- a potentially painful blow for "car nation" and export champion

In calmer language than seen last weekend, EU said Friday that "dialogue is always the prime option of the European Union," adding that was "counting on being excluded" from the tariffs after Trump said close allies might be exempt.

But as he announced the tariffs Thursday, Trump declared that "many of the countries that treat us the worst on trade and the military are our allies".

He singled out for criticism, which books massive trade surpluses and has long failed to meet NATO defence spending targets.

"That's not fair," Trump said.

Germany's exports to the -- its largest trading partner -- outweighed imports by 50.5 billion euros ($62.2 billion) across 2017 and 3.5 billion euros in January this year, figures released by federal statistics authority Destatis showed Friday.

Strained relations between and its traditional EU allies have grown so bad that European Central issued a call for calm in a Thursday press conference.

"There is a certain worry or concern about the state of international relations, because if you put tariffs against what are your allies, one wonders who the enemies are," Draghi said.

"Disputes should be discussed and resolved in a multilateral framework," rather than tit-for-tat exchanges, he added.

of the US tariffs came as other indicators for the German economy pointed to continuing strong growth into 2018 if it is spared major upsets.

"At least in the near term, prospects for German industry have never looked rosier," of said after official data showed industrial production held steady in January.

Nevertheless, "the biggest risk for German exports seems to come from the US... the risk for Germany is for real", he added.

Some comfort from comes from the fact that destinations for its exports are "very diversified" around and further afield, Brzeski said.

German groups offered a mixed response to Trump's tariff assault, with the German Chambers of Commerce and Industry (DIHK) calling for a proportionate response from the EU.

By contrast, of exporters' association warned that "the EU may now take steps we wouldn't want... we call urgently for level-headedness.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Fri, March 09 2018. 16:40 IST