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US sanctions on Iran: Shipping giant quits Iran, Rouhani calls for EU help

European countries have the political will to maintain economic ties with Iran based on the JCPOA (the nuclear deal), but they need to take practical measures within the time limit

Reuters  |  Aix-en-Provence, France/London 

Rouhani
Iran President Hassan Rouhani. File Photo

One of the world's biggest cargo shippers announced on Saturday it was pulling out of Iran for fear of becoming entangled in US sanctions, and President demanded that European countries do more to offset the US measures.

The announcement by France's that it was quitting Iran deals a blow to Tehran's efforts to persuade European countries to keep their companies operating in Iran despite the threat of new American sanctions.

Iran says it needs more help from Europe to keep alive an agreement with world powers to curb its nuclear programme. US President abandoned the agreement in May and has announced new sanctions on Tehran. Washington has ordered all countries to stop buying Iranian oil by November and foreign firms to stop doing business there or face US blacklists.

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European powers which still support the nuclear deal say they will do more to encourage their businesses to remain engaged with Iran. But the prospect of being banned in the United States appears to be enough to persuade European companies to keep out.

Foreign ministers from the five remaining signatory countries to the nuclear deal -- Britain, France, Germany, China and Russia -- offered a package of economic measures to Iran on Friday but Tehran said they did not go far enough.

"European countries have the political will to maintain economic ties with Iran based on the JCPOA (the nuclear deal), but they need to take practical measures within the time limit," Rouhani said on Saturday on his official website.

"We apply the rules"

CGM, which according to the United Nations operates the world's third-largest container shipping fleet with more than 11 per cent of global capacity, said it would halt service for Iran as it did not want to fall foul of the rules, given its large presence in the United States.

"Due to the Trump administration, we have decided to end our service for Iran," chief Rodolphe Saade said during an economic conference in the southern French city of Aix-en-Provence.

"Our Chinese competitors are hesitating a little, so maybe they have a different relationship with Trump, but we apply the rules," Saade said.

The shipping market leader, AP Moller-Maersk of Denmark, already announced in May it was pulling out of Iran.

In June, French carmaker Group suspended its joint venture activities in Iran, and French oil major said it held little hope of receiving a US waiver to continue with a multibillion-dollar gas project in the country.

Total's CEO Patrick Pouyanne said on Saturday the company had been left with little choice.


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"If we continued to work in Iran, would not be able to access the US financial world," he told RTL radio. "Our duty is to protect the company. So we have to leave Iran."

Iranian Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh called the tension between Tehran and Washington a "trade war". He said it had not led to changes in Iranian oil production and exports.

He also echoed Rouhani's remarks that the European package did not meet all economic demands of Iran.

"I have not seen the package personally, but our colleagues in the foreign ministry who have seen it, were not happy with its details," Zanganeh was quoted as saying by Tasnim news agency.

Some Iranian officials have threatened to block oil exports from the Gulf in retaliation for US efforts to reduce Iranian oil sales to zero. Rouhani himself made a veiled threat along those lines in recent days, saying there could be no oil exports from the region if Iran's were shut.

First Published: Sun, July 08 2018. 09:00 IST
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