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Early menopause in smokers raises bladder cancer risk

IANS  |  London 

Experiencing before the age of 45 is associated with a higher risk of bladder particularly among smokers, says a new study.

Women who entered before the age of 45 were 45 per cent more likely to have bladder than those who had after 50.

However, if these women had smoked, the risk of bladder was 53 per cent greater than women who had menopause later, the researchers said.

"We found that smoking women who experienced menopause before they were 45 years old had a greater risk of Smoking remains the most important risk factor for bladder cancer," said at the

The study will be presented at the congress in

Besides smoking as the underlying reason for the increased incidence of bladder cancer, other factors such as hormonal changes also leads to an earlier menopause, said Arnulf Stenzl, at the

In general, around three times more men than women get bladder cancer, but the mortality rate in women is around 40 per cent higher. Delay in diagnosis, genetic or epigenetic factors and hormonal factors could be some of the reasons for these differences.

However, the study "revealed that it is unlikely that factors such as age when periods begin, number of pregnancies, oral contraceptive use or the use of are associated with risk", Abufaraj added.

For the study, the team examined outcomes of more than 220,000 nurses.



(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Fri, March 15 2019. 14:56 IST