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The International Monetary Fund announced it will launch a new tool to support governments in financial trouble -- but one that involves no money -- formalising a step it took last week for Greece.
Instead of providing cheap loans to member countries, the new IMF tool will serve as a good housekeeping seal of approval for a government's reform program.
With that approval in hand governments would be more likely to be able to access other forms of financing from banks and bond markets, the IMF said in a statement.
"The new instrument is designed to help countries unlock financing from official and private donors and creditors," the IMF said.
"It enables them to signal commitment to reforms and catalyze financing from other sources."
The IMF last week revived a rarely-used mechanism under which it approved a one-year loan to Greece but withheld the disbursement of funds until the country receives significant debt relief from its eurozone partners.
That had a similar effect as the new tool: allowing Greece to return to markets this week to issue three billion euros (USD 3.5 billion) worth of five-year bonds, and removing a major roadblock in the negotiations with the euro area.
The IMF board this month approved the new non-financing Policy Coordination Instrument (PCI), which unlike traditional fund programs will not have any eligibility criteria, as long as the country is not delinquent in payments to the IMF.
Rather than providing loans in exchange for strict adherence to a an agreed program of economic and financial reforms -- with performance targets reviewed quarterly -- the IMF will focus only on the government's policy package.
But the IMF stressed that "policies supported under the instrument would be required to meet the same standard as those required under a standard IMF loan."
Fund staff would provide periodic reviews under the PCI, every six months or so, but the schedule would be flexible as would the duration of the program.
The IMF has always provided policy advice to member countries on a variety of topics including design of reforms for tax, pension or labor policies.
It also offers a program called a Flexible Credit Line which is similar to the PCI in that it provides an IMF stamp of approval on a country's economic policies, but also makes available a line of credit that would only be tapped if the country faces dire circumstances beyond its control, like a severe drop in commodity prices or a global financial crisis.
Some economists have expressed concern, however, about the potential stigma associated with a country that goes to the IMF for financial assistance.