What is Election Commission of India (ECI)?

Election Commission of India

What is Election Commission of India (ECI)?
What is Election Commission of India (ECI)?
The Election Commission of India (ECI) is an autonomous and permanent constitutional body responsible for organising free and fair elections in the Union and States of India. The Constitution grants the ECI with the power of direction, superintendence, and control of elections to Parliament, state legislatures, the office of president of India and the office of vice-president of India. The ECI does not deal with the elections to the urban bodies such as Municipalities and Panchayats in the states and hence, a separate State Election Commission.

Powers and responsibilities

The Commission’s functions and powers with respect to elections are divided into three categories (Administrative, Advisory, and Quasi-judicial). In detail, these powers include

1) Determining the Electoral Constituencies’ territorial areas throughout the country.
2) Preparing and periodically revising electoral rolls and registering all eligible voters.
3) Notifying the schedules and dates of elections and scrutinising nomination papers.
4) Granting recognition to the various political parties and allocating them election symbols.
5) The Commission also has advisory jurisdiction in the matter of post-election disqualification of sitting members of Parliament and State Legislatures.
6) It issues the Model Code of Conduct in elections for political parties and candidates so that no one indulges in unfair practice or there is no arbitrary abuse of powers by those in power.

Composition of Election Commission

Since its inception in 1950, the election commission had been a one-member body with only the Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) as its sole member. Later, two more election commissioners were appointed to the body and the Election Commission became a multi-member body with 3 election commissioners. The President appoints the Chief Election Commissioner and other election commissioners. The tenure of office and the conditions of service of all the commissioners is determined by the President. The chief and the two other election commissioners have the same powers and emoluments including salaries, which are the same as a Supreme Court judge. In case of a difference of opinion amongst the three members, the matter is decided by the Commission by a majority.

Article 324

Article 324 of The Constitution of India mentions the provisions to safeguard and ensure the independent and impartial functioning of the Election Commission.
The chief election commissioner is provided with security of tenure. He cannot be removed from his office except in the same manner and on the same grounds as a judge of the Supreme Court. In other words, he can be removed by the President on the basis of a resolution passed to that effect by both the Houses of Parliament with a special majority, either on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity. Any other election commissioner or a regional commissioner cannot be removed from office except on the recommendation of the chief election commissioner.

Latest Updates on Election Commission of India

Maharashtra politics: Congress, MVA eye stronger comeback ahead of LS polls

5 min read Last Updated :Feb 14 2024 | 6:51 AM IST
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EC team visits Sikkim, reviews preparedness for LS, Assembly polls

2 min read Last Updated :Feb 13 2024 | 11:49 AM IST
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NCP supremo Sharad Pawar at crossroads as party split sparks uncertainty

6 min read Last Updated :Feb 11 2024 | 10:58 PM IST
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Nearly 970 million people eligible to vote in Lok Sabha polls, says EC

3 min read Last Updated :Feb 09 2024 | 7:39 PM IST
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EC issues notifications for polls to six Rajya Sabha seats in Bihar

4 min read Last Updated :Feb 08 2024 | 11:13 AM IST
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EC's declaration of 'real' NCP shows power of democracy: Fadnavis

3 min read Last Updated :Feb 07 2024 | 10:16 AM IST
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Bharat Jodo Nyay Yatra: Rahul Gandhi-led march to enter Odisha today

2 min read Last Updated :Feb 06 2024 | 9:54 AM IST
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Elections 2024: EC instructs parties not to involve children in campaigns

2 min read Last Updated :Feb 05 2024 | 4:29 PM IST
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Do not use children in election campaigning: EC asks political parties

2 min read Last Updated :Feb 05 2024 | 1:58 PM IST
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Tamil Actor Vijay enters politics with 'Tamilaga Vetri Kazham' party

2 min read Last Updated :Feb 02 2024 | 2:38 PM IST
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Republic Day parade: EC tableau presents India as 'Mother of Democracy'

1 min read Last Updated :Jan 26 2024 | 12:54 PM IST
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Use of modern tech by EC in polls example for all democracies: Prez Murmu

2 min read Last Updated :Jan 25 2024 | 2:07 PM IST
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National Voters' Day: Your dreams are my resolve, Modi's message to youth

2 min read Last Updated :Jan 25 2024 | 1:20 PM IST
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SC grants protection from arrest to Umar Ansari in Violation of MCC case

1 min read Last Updated :Jan 25 2024 | 1:19 PM IST
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National Voters' Day: Election Commission marks 75 years of service today

3 min read Last Updated :Jan 25 2024 | 12:58 PM IST
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Final electoral roll of J-K published with total of 8.69 million voters

3 min read Last Updated :Jan 23 2024 | 7:25 AM IST
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Bihar adds 1.2 mn voters in electoral roll released by state election body

2 min read Last Updated :Jan 22 2024 | 7:43 PM IST
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EC publishes final electoral rolls 2024 for Karnataka with 53.7 mn voters

2 min read Last Updated :Jan 22 2024 | 7:08 PM IST
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Election Commission releases final summary rolls, TN has 61.8 mn voters

2 min read Last Updated :Jan 22 2024 | 2:14 PM IST
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Kovind panel gets 21K responses, 81% 'affirm' idea of simultaneous polls

2 min read Last Updated :Jan 22 2024 | 6:40 AM IST
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