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India facing worst water crisis, millions of lives under threat: NITI Aayog

Currently, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about 200,000 thousand people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water, said the NITI Aayog report

IANS  |  New Delhi 

Water crisis

India is suffering from the worst water crisis in its history and millions of lives and livelihoods are under threat, the has said.

It also warned that the crisis was only going to get worse and by 2030, the country's water demand is projected to be twice the available supply, implying severe water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people and an eventual six per cent loss in the country's

Currently, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about 200,000 thousand people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water, said the report on Index (CWMI) released on Thursday which aims to enable effective in Indian states in the face of this growing crisis.

The report ranks at the top in managing its in the reference year (2016-17) followed by Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.

The worst states include Jharkhand, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and

Among North Eastern and Himalayan states, Tripura has been adjudged number one in 2016-17 followed by Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Assam.

In terms of incremental change in the index (over 2015-16 level), holds number one position in general states and Tripura ranks at first position amongst Northeastern and Himalayan states, the report said.

According to the report, Centre-state and inter-state cooperation were some of the key levers to help address the crisis.

"There is an opportunity to improve Centre-state and inter-state cooperation across the broader water ecosystem. is often currently viewed as a zero-sum game by states due to limited frameworks for inter-state and

"This has resulted in seven major disputes regarding the country's rivers, involving 11 states, as well as limited policy coordination on issues like agricultural incentives, pump electricity pricing etc," it said.

The report was released on Thursday by Minister Nitin Gadkari and NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar.

Gadkari said that water scarcity was one of the biggest problems the country was facing today and that more than the scarcity of water, it was an issue of management of

He said there was a need to reward those states which were doing well in managing their water resources and also to bring in the public domain the names of those states which were not managing their resources properly.

"States which have done well on water management are also the states which do well in agricultural growth rate as well. There is a direct connection between water and agricultural economy," Gadkari said.

NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar added one could never imagine India would face such a water crisis. However, he added, the government was serious about facing this challenge and addressing it.

The report is a step in that direction to create awareness among people and governments about the realities of this crisis, he said.

"Just like we have various media campaigns to create awareness about pollution, the time has come to take the issue of water just as seriously," Kumar said.

The NITI Aayog said that the water management index would provide useful information for the states and concerned Central ministries and departments enabling them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources.

NITI Aayog CEO said the government's policy think-tank would publish a ranking of states on an annual basis in future.

(Only the headline and picture of this report may have been reworked by the Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Thu, June 14 2018. 22:30 IST