The high hopes of the Third and Forth Front might have been dashed, but regional parties have gained more strength in the just-concluded Lok Sabha elections.
The election results show that parties such as JD(U), BJD, DMK, AIADMK, Trinamool Congress, TDP, RLD and National Conference have improved their show compared to the 2004 elections, according to official figures.
Parties like BJD in Orissa and JD(U) in Bihar have done exceedingly well. The BJD, which broke its 11-year-old alliance with BJP in the state and fought the polls single handedly, mustered 14 Lok Sabha seats while one seat went to its ally CPI.
The party also made a clean sweep in the Assembly elections by winning over two third majority in the House.
Similarly, the JD(U) took its tally from eight in 2004 to 20 this time. The party under the leadership of Nitish Kumar and Sharad Yadav had fought the polls in alliance with the BJP.
The Trinammol Congress, which had only two MPs in the 14th Lok Sabha, has got 19 seats, turning the apple cart of the Left parties in West Bengal.