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How do bees in congested hives stay cool on hot summer days?

IANS  |  New York 

bees live in large, congested cavities, often in tree hollows with narrow openings. But thanks to their ventilation strategy they know how to stay cool on hot summer days, says a study by researchers.

When it gets hot inside the hive, a group of bees crawl to the entrance and use their wings as fans to draw hot air out and allow cooler air to move in, said the study published in

The researchers found that bees use environmental signals to collectively cluster and continuously ventilate the hive.

"We have demonstrated that bees don't need a sophisticated recruitment or to keep their nests cool," said of the paper from University.

"Instead the fanning response of individual bees to temperature variations, and the physics of fluid flow leads to their collective spatial organisation, which happens to lead to an efficient cooling solution," Peters added.

For the study, the researchers monitored a group of man-made beehives in University's Concord Field Station.

The research team measured temperature, air flow into and out of the nest, and the position and density of bees fanning at the nest entrance.

"Over millennia, social insects such as bees have evolved to harness and exploit flows and forces and collectively solve physiological problems such as mechanical stabilisation, thermoregulation and ventilation on scales much larger than the individual," said of the study L. Mahadevan, at Harvard.

"A combination of measurements and computational models quantify and explain how fanning bees create an emergent large-scale flow pattern to ventilate their nests," Mahadevan added.



(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Sun, February 10 2019. 14:02 IST