One of the oldest forms of combat, wrestling is a sport involving grappling-type techniques and can either be genuinely competitive or for entertainment.
It has different types such as folkstyle, freestyle, Greco-Roman, catch, submission, judo, sambo, and others.
A wrestling bout is a physical competition between two competitors or sparring partners, who attempt to maintain a superior position. There is a wide range of styles with varying rules and techniques which are incorporated into other martial arts as well as military hand-to-hand combat systems.
United World Wrestling (UWW) is the international governing body for the sport of amateur wrestling.
UWW currently recognises six wrestling disciplines in all. Three are Olympic disciplines: Greco-Roman wrestling, men's freestyle wrestling, and female wrestling. The other three are amateur pankration, belt wrestling alysh, and beach wrestling
TYPES OF WRESTLING
In Greco-Roman style, it is forbidden to hold the opponent below the belt, to make trips, and to actively use the legs in the execution of any action.
Amateur wrestling is a variant under this category, practiced in collegiate, school, or other amateur level competitions.
This style allows the use of the wrestler's or his opponent's legs in offense and defense. The prime victory condition in this style involves the wrestler winning by throwing and pinning his opponent on the mat.
A world heritage martial art, the amateur pankration is a form of mixed martial arts that incorporates techniques from multiple systems. Matches are fought with both grappling holds and by striking techniques.
Involving the wearing of jackets, trousers, and thick belts, the wrestlers must retain their hold on each other's belts throughout the contest.
Beach wrestling is standing wrestling done by wrestlers. With the updated 2015 rules, wrestlers can score points via takedowns, pushing their opponent out of bounds, or bringing the opponent down to their back.
FOLK WRESTLING TYPES
Folk wrestling describes a traditional form of wrestling unique to a culture or geographic region of the world, not recognised by the UWW.
They are Cumberland Wrestling and Catch-as-catch-can from England), Kurash from Uzbekistan, Gushteengiri from Tajikistan, Khuresh from Siberia, Lotta Campidanese from Italy, Koshti pahlavani from Iran, Naban from Myanmar, Pehlwani from India, Penjang gulat from Indonesia, Schwingen from Switzerland, Tigel from Ethiopia, Shuai jiao from China, and Ssireum from Korea.