National Award-winning director Kundan Shah, best known for his dark satire "Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro" and coming-of-age comedy "Kabhi Haan Kabhi Naa", passed away at his residence early today. He was 69.
Shah died of a heart attack, a family member told Press Trust of India.
His last rites are likely to be held at Shivaji Park, Dadar, this evening.
Born on October 19, 1947, Shah studied direction at the Film and Television Institute of India in Pune and made his directorial debut with "Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro" in 1983.
The movie, featuring Naseeruddin Shah, Ravi Baswani, Om Puri, Pankaj Kapur, Satish Shah, Satish Kaushik, Bhakti Barve and Neena Gupta, went on achieve cult status despite a poor box office showing.
More than three decades later, the film -- revolving around two bumbling photographers, a canny newspaper editor and corrupt civic officials -- continues to be relevant and a scathing commentary on contemporary India.
Shah received his first and only National Award - Indira Gandhi Award for Best First Film of a Director - for the film.
Shah returned the award during the student protests in his alma mater FTII in 2015 over the appointment of Gajendra Chauhan as its chairman.
After "Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro", Shah switched to television and teamed up with Saeed Akhtar Mirza for his debut TV show "Nukkad".
One of the most popular shows in the '80s, "Nukkad" gave Indian audiences memorable characters like Khopdi, Kaderbhai and Ghanshu Bhikari.
His next TV show was "Wagle Ki Duniya", based on cartoonist R K Laxman's common man.
Shah came back to Bollywood in 1993 with the Shah Rukh Khan-starrer "Kabhi Haan Kabhi Naa". The film received critical acclaim and is counted among Shah Rukh's best performances.
His next "Kya Kehna", again a story that was ahead of its time, dealt with teenage preganacy and the stigma attached to it.
It was a box office success and became one of the highest grossing films of 2000. The film helped establish Preity Zinta's career in the Hindi film industry.
The director made a number of films after "Kya Kehna", but sadly commercial success eluded him.
Shah's sudden demise shocked his friends in the industry.
His friend and colleague Satish Shah, who played one of the principal characters in "Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro", told PTI, "I just got to know about Shah's demise. I have reached his house. It is really sad."
Director Hansal Mehta paid tributes to Shah by posting a black and white photograph of the "Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro" team.
"'Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro' RIP Kundan Shah. Sad news," he wrote.
Filmmaker Mahesh Bhatt remembered Shah as a brave man "who added vigour to the alternate cinema stream with movies like 'Jaane bhi do yaaro'".
Farhan Akhtar wrote, "Saddened to learn that Kundan Shah is no more. Will never forget his genuineness, his cinematic knowledge and his unique sense of humour. RIP".
Sudhir Mishra said the director was a huge influence when he was a 22-year-old and helped him find his voice.
"It's probably wrong but I can't help but imagine Kundan Shah and Renu Saluja meeting and arguing over a cut and maybe Ravi Baswani is mediating!" he added.
Riteish Deshmukh said, "RIP Kundan Shah.... A master storyteller no more. Condolences to the family and loved ones.