The exhibition titled "Dhanraj Bhagat (1917-1988): Journey from the Physical to the Spiritual" has over 400 works on display, including sketches and sculptures.
"Bhagat evoked brilliantly the inner music in his take on the iconic Nataraja or Dancing Shiva, in the elongated lyrical limbs of the lord as though swaying in the tune of the music," NGMA said in a statement.
Music also translates in his flowing sketches of women and musicians with almost ethereal quality, it added.
Born in Lahore in 1917, Bhagat, in his earlier depictions showed rural men and women involved in daily activities, inspired by what he saw around him.
Bhagat's style of sculpting romanticism in an objective subject took a spiritual turn in his later years.
As his works began to be dominated by a minimalist geometry through which he formed strong images of monarchs, gods and celestial beings, he rendered a spiritual touch to his work.
The exhibition seeks to capture the moods and styles of the artist from his initial years to the later simplified geometric forms and icons.
The extensive retrospective exhibition marks the sculptor's centenary year, and is now on display in Mumbai till August 14.
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